Orders & Medals
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EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS

GREECE


(SECOND) KINGDOM OF GREECE (1863-1924)

15013 Medal for Military Merit 1917, medal 4th class, bronze, with ribbon.

SGR 112.4.08b
II 25,00 €



EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS

ITALY


ITALY, ROYAL FAMILY BOURBON-TWO SICILIES (SINCE 1861)

15878 Sacred Military Constantinian Order of St. George [Sacro Militare Ordine Constantiniano di San Giorgio], collar of the Bailliffs - Knights of the Grand Cross of Justice, with Collar [Balì, Cavaliere die Gran Croce die Giustizia decorato del Collare], consisting of 21 cipher-of-Christ-links and wearing-link with order’s cross and pending Saint George, manufacturing of Tanfani & Bertarelli in Rome from the 1940 or 1950 years, bronze (!) gilt, wearing-link partly enamelled, order’s cross made of several parts and on the reverse fivefold screwed, on the reverse manufacturer’s indication of Tanfani & Bertarelli and letter “O”.

BC92 p. 283 ff.; BU p. 139 ff.; DP p. 294 ff.; FF p. 275 ff.; SCB p. 29 ff.; SCK; SSB p. 17 ff.; SPB1 p. SPB1 S. 56 f.; SPB2 p. 126 f.; SZ0 p. 1071f; VE p. 257 ff.; VPE1 p. 88f; VPI1 p. 82f;
II 1'780,00 €
According to a legend the order goes back to a militia founded by Emperor Constantine the Great (ca. 270/288-337, since 306 Roman Emperor), renewed as a military order in 1190 by the Byzantine Emperor Isaak II. Angelus Comnenus (1155-1204, Emperor from 1185 until 1195 and from 1203 until 1204). Giovanni Andrea Angelo Flavio Comneno, Duke Drivasto (died 1699), ceded the Grand Magistery to Francesco I. Maria Farnese, Duke of Parma (1678-1727, reigned since 1694). After the Farnese family had died out, Charles V/VII (1716-1788, reigned from 1735 until 1759 as king of Naples and Sicily, since 1759 as Charles III King of Spain) in 1734 brought the Grand Magistery into his kingdom, where it existed as an order of the kingdom until 1860 respectively the end of the government in exile in Rome in 1870. Due to the fact that the order was considered as a dynastical order of the Royal Dynasty of Bourbons-Two Sicilies, it continued to exist also in the Kingdom of Italy and later in the Italian Republic. Due to dynastical struggles in 1960 two princes of the house claimed the Grand Magistery, and as a fact the order was devided into two obediences, the one (“Italian-French obedience”) confirmed by the Pope and the President of the Italian Republic, and the other (“Spanish obedience”) confirmed by the king of Spain. (See also: Villarreal de Alava, Marques de: La Maison Royale des Deux Siciles, l"Ordre Cosntantinien de Saint Georges et l"Ordre de Saint Janvier. Madrid 1964. - Gran Magistero dell" Ordine: Il Sacro Militare Ordine Constantiniano di San Giorgio. Naples 1971. - Seward, Desmond: Italys Knights of St. George - The Constantinian Order. Gerrards Cross 1986. - Gallo, Ettore: Il Gran Magistero del Sacro Militare Ordine Constantiniano di San Giorgio. Rome 2002. - Marini Dettina, Alfonso: Il Legittimo Esercizio del Gran Magistero del Sacro Militare Ordine constantiniano di San Giorgio. Vatican City 2003.)



KINGDOM OF ITALY (1861-1946) - DECORATIONS AND MEDALS

13833 War Commemorative Medal 1915-1918, bronze, with ribbon, with four year bars "1915", "1916", "1917" and "1918".

BB2 p. 603
II 85,00 €
NOT OFTEN TO FIND WITH ALL FOUR YEAR BARS!



EUROPEAN ORDERS, DECORATIONS AND MEDALS

PORTUGAL


REPUBLIC OF PORTUGAL (SINCE 1910)

15880 Military Campaign Commemorative Medal [Medalha Comemorativa das Campanhas], 2nd model (with reverse inscription: "1916 / CAMPANHAS / DO / EXERCITO / PORTUGUES " - 1919-1921), bronze medal, with original breast ribbon.

BWK4 310
II- 100,00 €



ORDERS, DECORATONS AND MEDALS FROM OVERSEAS

EQUATORIAL-GUINEA


REPUBLIC OF EQUATORIAL-GUINEA

15871 National Order of Equatorial Guinea [Orden Nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial], 1st model (with the first type of arms of the coutry - ?-1979), collar of the order, consisting of 12 arms- and 12 ornament-links, with order’s badge, manufacturing from Cejalvo in Madrid from the late 1970ies, silver gilt and enamelled.

BU p. 1099; RF p. 121; VPE2 p. 420; VPI2 p. 394;
I–II 1'280,00 €
The five-class (collar, grand cross, grand officer (only breast star), commander and knight) order for general merit was instituted shortly after the independence of the country from Spain (October 12, 1968) by President Francisco Macías Nguema (1924-1979, President since 1968) at an unknown date (1st model). After he had passed away the country received on August 21, 1979 a new coat of arms, and shortly thereafter also the insignia of the order were given a new design (2nd model).


15879 National Order of Equatorial Guinea [Orden Nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial], 2nd model (with the second type of the national coat of arms - since 1979), grand officer’s [gran oficial] breast star, manufacturing from Cejalvo in Madrid from the 1990ies, silver gilt and enamelled, with pin and two lateral fixing hooks.

I–II 175,00 €
This breast star is conferred and worn without any further insignia like neck or breast cross. The five-class (collar, grand cross, grand officer (only breast star), commander and knight) order for general merit was instituted shortly after the independence of the country from Spain (October 12, 1968) by President Francisco Macías Nguema (1924-1979, President since 1968) at an unknown date (1st model). After he had passed away the country received on August 21, 1979 a new coat of arms, and shortly thereafter also the insignia of the order were given a new design (2nd model).


 
 
 
Phaleristischer Verlag Institut für Phaleristik Künker-Numismatik